Colonial Secretary’s Papers, 31st December 1824.
Mary Jones was the first midwife to have been called to assist at the Female Factory at Parramatta.
She arrived in New South Wales in 1814 on the Wanstead, under the name Mary White. In the 1814, Muster, she was registered as being employed as a midwife and having one child. Mary had been sentenced to transportation for seven years. She and a companion were convicted of theft after they admitted to stealing thirty yards of muslim fabric. Ms White married Joseph Jones in 1815 and they were married at St John Church, Parramatta. It can be seen in the Colonial Secretary correspondence that Mary received a salary for the role of midwife in 1822 and 1824.
It is believed that Mary was the first midwife to be employed by the government to work at the Female Factory. She would have also been called to assist at the hospital and the gaol. She resigned in 1828 and at that time was still officially employed as Government Midwife.
Emma Stockburn, Family History Research Facilitator, City of Parramatta, Parramatta Heritage Centre, 2020.
Potter, Lesley; Mistress of her Profession: colonial Midwives of Sydney 1788-1901, Anchor Books, 2017.
Gail Hendriksen, Dr Carol Liston, Women Transported: Life in Australia’s Convict Female Factories, Parramatta Heritage Centre, 2008.
Salt, Annette, These Outcast Women, The Parramatta Female Factory 1821-1848, Hale and Iremonger, 1984.
Colonial Secretary’s Paper, Archives of New South Wales.